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Full text of "The Gay Genius"

BIBLIOGRAPHY AND SOURCES                   353

and harsh on Mi Fe'i. Particularly No. 66 contains important studies
of Sung customs and institutions and preserves certain historic docu-
ments.

(c)  Memoirs by Su Tungpo's disciples and close associates: Nos. 69
to 76 contain important material. No. 69, by Li Chih, is short, but
interesting throughout. No. 70, by Chen Shihtao, includes some jokes
of Su Tungpo's. No. 71 is a collection of postscripts by Huang Ting-
chien, principally on manuscripts and paintings. No. 73, by Chang Lei,
contains some intimate details of sex practices in connection with the art
of prolonging life. No. 75 is by Li Chihyi, Su's associate at Tingchow,
and No. 76 by Chao Lingshih, Su's associate at Yingchow.

(d)  Memoirs by other friends: Less intimate than the above, but
having access to first-hand sources, are the following. Nos. 77 and 78
are by Kung Pingchun, brother of Kung Wenchung, both on in-
timate terms with Su; No. 77, known to be not always accurate, con-
tains stories of Su's arrest and trial. Nos. 79 and 80 are by the monk
Huihung, alias Teh-hung, a close friend of Huang Tingchien, and
contain many items on Su. No. 81, by Ho Wei, son of Ho Chufei,
who was recommended to high office by Su, contains along with No. 84
probably the richest records on Su. The Paoyentang edition is incom-
plete, but the Shuehtsin edition has an entire chapter devoted to Su,
including the story of his death. No. 82 is by Chao Y'uehchih, brother
of Chao Puchih, disciple of Su. Being in the inner circle, the author
gives many conversations of the whole Yuanyu group, particularly
Fan Tsuyu.  No. 83, author unknown, appears clearly to have been
written by a friend of the same circle; it disparages both Wang Anshih
and the Cheng brothers.

(e)  Memoirs by neutrals: No. 84 is extremely valuable and rich in
material, written by Chu Pien, a contemporary. No. 85 is a small but
much quoted volume containing humorous anecdotes.. No. 86 is inde-
pendent in attitude. No, 87 is by Fang Shuo, who lived at Huchow.

(/) Memoirs by the opposition: The usual defence of Wang Anshih
—that Sung historians and memoirs writers are all biased against
Wang—is not factually correct; see also Nos. 66 and 101. The interest-
ing thing about this group is that their records are quite favourable to
Su, and records of Su's faults, such as Yeh Mengteh's story of how Su
was never an expert wine-maker and how he nearly burned a house
down in trying to make ink, only make him more human. Yeh Meng-
teh, author of Nos. 88 and 89, was related by marriage to Chang Chun
and was an intimate friend of Tsai Ching. Wei Tai, author of No. 90,
was the brother of Tseng Pu's wife (a famous poetess); he tried to
whitewash Wang Anshih. The author of No. 91 was one of the two
notorious sons of the notorious Tsai Ching; between the father aad
sons, who fought for power against each other, they brougfat the